FAQ in the category of Jihad

1 What is the conditions to be a martyr?

As you know, dying of Moslems for the sake of their religion, lives, assets, and generation means they become martyrs.
There are hadiths that express that those who get killed for their religion, goods, and lives become martyrs.
As for the issues which are debated mostly in Islamic world such as committing suicide for the sake of one’s native country, religion, sacred things: Are they regarded as suicide or martyrdom? We see two different approaches; one: it is a suicide, two: it is not. Our opinion and conclusion is as follows:
1- We are not aware of both the intentions and the inner world of the people and since we are responsible for having good opinion for anybody. Therefore, when we consider of their sacrificing of their lives in the name of religion and country, it is understood that this event is not committing suicide but martyrdom.
2- According to our religion one of the requirements of the war is the rule “War could be made against those who fight and participate in.”
When we look at the suicide incidents, we see this rule of war to be violated from time to time. It is observed that such attacks are aimed at people who do not fight against them, women and children. Yet, such a situation could cause Islam to be misunderstood as a terrorist religion slaughtering innocent people even the children.
Thus, it is nice and all right for someone to sacrifice himself for the sake of the religion and country. However, this activity must be done only against those who participate in the war according to our religion. It is not suitable to be done against innocent people. Therefore, we deem this assessment suitable instead of making a final decision. Allah knows the best.
Those who sacrifice themselves for the sake of Allah are given a rank of martyrdom and get into Heaven. Houris and other bounties will be given to everybody who enters Heaven and it is not exclusively for the martyrs.
Who is a martyr? Can we consider anyone who has been killed in a war as a martyr?

What does Jihad mean? Why do some people explain jihad as “the holy war”?

Some claim that Jihad is coercing into Islam. What is Jihad? How should it be done?

What is the decree of Jihad?

What is the purpose of Jihad?

What are the parts of Jihad?

What is the spiritual jihad, how should it be done?

2 What does Islam say about al-Qaida? Does al-Qaida make jihad?

As it is known, Islam prohibits all kinds of deeds against civilians who do not take part in war. Our Prophet (pbuh) said,

I am the enemy of a person who maltreats a zimmi (non-Muslim living in an Islamic state).

The incident of September 11 cannot be regarded as jihad because it is an attempt that killed civilians and because it caused people in the world to use the word terror and Islam together. Some unbelievers wanted to present Islam as a religion of terror using that incident as a pretext and they partly succeeded it.   

It is difficult to say that a person who causes these things struggles on behalf of Islam. We do not know what or whom they serve but it is not possible to associate those acts with Islam.

3 There are many Muslim brothers around the world who suffer persecution. What must we do against the attacks on them?

Every Muslim is responsible to fulfill his/her duties. The position that a person has in a society lays some burdens on him/her. Each Muslim is held responsible accordingly. There is a hadith about the issue: “When you see a mischief, change it with your hands if you can, but if not, then try with your tongue, if it does not work either, then disapprove it with your heart."

That hadith may not be interpreted by every person depending on their own understanding. For example, if we see something wrong on the street and dare to change it with our hands and beat the wrongdoer, and if the man sues us, then a punishment will be applied on us. So, in what way should we understand the hadith?.
It is the state’s duty to correct the mistakes by hand, through the personnel in charge for it. The scholars must do the warnings with their tongues and the third duty is for the others.
Accordingly, it is the responsibility of the State to help another Islamic State through war. The decision is to be taken by the State. But if the State decides for the war and orders us to join the battle, then we have to obey. If the Islamic States have a responsibility about the matter, the administrators are liable.
There are many Muslim brothers around the world who suffer persecution. What must we do against the attacks on them?
Everybody will give account for the things to the extent they are responsible or their authority reaches. In the medium that we live, since there is no war (May God secure all Muslims from it) we must thank Him we must not want a war because, the trouble should not be wished and the blessings need thanks.
As for the wars, we do not have the opportunity to go and help those Muslim brothers. They have no demand of troops from the Islamic world and thus it is difficult to determine where to gather and whom to apply. Besides, they do not need manpower because it is inconceivable that a whole nation cannot confront a handful of men. Firstly, they must come together and unite consciously. Provided that this is achieved, they will be victorious by God’s leave.
So, now, they need food, money for weapons and medicine, consciousness, and above all, they need sincere prayers.