Does praying before eating a meal exist in our religion? Did the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) pray before eating a meal?

Details of the Question
Does praying before eating a meal exist in our religion? Did the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) pray before eating a meal?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

When the Prophet (pbuh) startedeating a meal, he prayed as follows: 

"Allahumma barik lana fima razaqtana wa qina adhabannar, bismillah."

("O Allah! Bless the food You provided us and save us from the punishment of hellfire. In the name of Allah.") (Nawawi, Adhkar, 205; Majmuatu'l-Ahzab)

There are hadiths about uttering Allah's name while starting a meal:

“Utter Allah's name! Eat with your right hand! Eat from the front of you. Eat of the dish what is nearer to you!” (Bukhari, At`ima 2, 3; Muslim, Ashriba 108. See also Tirmidhi, At`ima 47; Ibn Majah, At`ima 8)

“When one of you eats, he should mention Allah's name; if he forgets to mention Allah's name at the beginning, he should say: "In the name of Allah at the beginning and at the end of it" when he remembers.” (Abu Dawud, At`ima 15; Tirmidhi, At`ima 47)

Once, a man was eating next to the Messenger of Allah. He did not mention Allah's name until the last morsel. When he raised it to his mouth, he said, 'In the name of Allah at the beginning and at the end of it.' The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) laughed and said,

"The devil kept eating along with him. When he mentioned Allah's name, the devil vomited what was in his belly." (Abu Dawud, At`ima 15; Nasai, as–Sunanul–Kubra, Adabul–Akl, 15)

Hz. Prophet (pbuh) said a lot of prayers after meals. Therefore, there are a lot of hadiths about prayers after meals. It will be useful to read some of them by combining them:

"Praise be to Allah who fed us, gave us drink and made us Muslims." (Abu Dawud, III/475)

"O Allah! Bless it for us, and feed us with food better than it." (Tirmidhi, Daawat, 55)

"Provide for our sustenance, for Thou art the best Sustainer." (al-Maida, 5/114) "O Allah! We ask from You the whole of your boons, impeccable ummah and continuation of your sign." (Abu Dawud, III/501)

Anas b. Malik narrates. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"The sins of a person who prays as follows: after eating are forgiven: 

"Praise be to Allah, who fed me this and granted it as provision to me, without any effort from me nor power." (Tirmidhi, Daawat, 56)

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