Is there a hadith regarding reciting adhan to the ear of a newborn baby? Will you mention a resource, event, etc about it? (How did it start and who started it?)

Details of the Question
Is there a hadith regarding reciting adhan to the ear of a newborn baby? Will you mention a resource, event, etc about it? (How did it start and who started it?)
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

When a baby is born, a person who has religious knowledge is called and the baby is given to the hands of that person. Adhan is recited to the right ear and iqamah to the left ear of the baby. Then, the person recites the following supplication:

O Allah! Make this child grow as a nice sapling in the nursery of Islam; make him steadfast in Islam.

The parents of the baby look at the baby and say the prayer that Hazrat Ibrahim read when he looked at Ismail and Ishaq, his sons:

Alhamdulillahilladhi wahaba li ala’l-kibari Ismaila wa ishaq. Inna Rabbi lasamiu’d-dua.

“Praise be to Allah, who hath granted unto me in old age Ismail and Isaac: for truly my Lord is He, the Hearer of Prayer...”

It is sunnah to recite adhan to the ear of the baby. It was applied by the Prophet and continued after him.

According to what is reported in Sunan of Tirmidhi, when Hazrat Hasan was born, the Prophet recited adhan to his right ear. (1)

According to the narration of Hazrat Husayn, the Prophet stated the following about the wisdom behind his application:

“If a person has a baby and recites adhan to his right ear and iqamah to his left ear, the disease of ummusibyan will not harm him (jinn will not harm him).” (2)

Adhan and iqamah is the first suggestion of belief to the child because the principles of the religion like takbir, tawhid, prophethood and salah (prayer) are present in the meaning and content of adhan.

One should give a nice Islamic name when he names the baby. There are many recommendations, warnings and applications of the Prophet regarding the issue. One of the hadiths is as follows:

“On the Day of Judgment, you will be called by your names and your fathers’ names. So, give nice names to your children.”(3)

It is recommended to give the name of the child in the evening of the day he is born; however, giving the name can be delayed up to the seventh day.

Anybody can recite the adhan and iqamah to the ear of the baby. The iqamah is recited to the left ear.

(1) Tirmidhi, Adaha:15.

(2) Faydu'l-Qadir,6:237.

(3) Bukhari, Adab:108.

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