What is Hijri New Year´s Day?
Submitted by on Mon, 06/12/2010 - 12:55
Dear Brother / Sister,
Hijri (migrational) Calendar (Islamic lunar calendar) has started with the migration of Prophet Mohammad (pbup) from Mecca to Medina. This date corresponds to 16th July, 622. As the calendar is regulated based on the rotation of Moon, it has been called “Hijri Lunar” and “Year of Moon”. Hijri calendar was prepared as a result of the confusion on calculating the days, after the death of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh).
Hijri Calendar accepts the first night with crescent moon as the beginning of the New Year. The period of time until the crescent moon appears again is considered one month, and 12 months equal to one year. According to this calendar, rotation of Moon around Earth is accepted to be 29 and a half days. Thus, while one month is considered as 29 days, every other month is considered as 30 days. Therefore, Lunar calendar includes 364 days, while Solar calendar includes 365 days. For this reason, Hijri months arrive eleven days earlier than Gregorian months every year. As a result of this, Hijri months correspond to different seasons. Therefore; Ramadan, which is a month of Hijri calendar, sometimes arriving in Summer, sometimes in Winter and sometimes in other seasons, sees all the months, weeks and days of the year. A person, who fasts for 36 years, eventually fasts in every month and day of the year.
In Hijri Calendar, the New Year’s Day is the first of Muharram. Month of Muharram is followed by Safar, Rabi’al- awwal, Rabi’al-Akhir, Jumada al-awwal, Jumada al-akhir, Rajab, Sha’aban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhu al-Qi’dah and Dhu al-Hijjah.
We are all muslims, alhamdulillah (thanks to Allah), yet we all do not live as Islam requires us to live, unfortunately. We call living as a true Muslim “piety”. Whoever lives according to the requirements of the belief, we attribute the adjective “pious” to him, and call him “a pious man”. He already deserves to be called so.
You can also consider piety as an armor worn to be protected from era’s perversity and sedition. In fact, piety is a life style which not only leads the one who lives it to Heaven, but also brings peace and happiness on earthly life for him.
Thusly, you can see how the pious ones and the non-pious ones lead their lives on new year’s days corresponding to the birth of prophet Jesus and the migration of prophet Mohammad, the former of which is the beginning of Gregorian Calendar and the latter is that of Hijri Calendar.
The pious ones, while thinking on New Year’s eves, say, even though sub-consciously:
- The New Year’s Day means that another year of the life has come to an end, we are closer to the inevitable end called death, and days of elderliness are closer, while the days of youth are coming to the end. Thusly, more white hair is growing amongst dark hair every New Year, signaling that we are getting older.
Therefore, instead of being taken with more misery and profligacy on new year’s eves, it is necessary to lean more to the Hereafter and the Eternal Life. Forasmuch as this swift travel is towards the grave and the Hereafter, whether you admit it or deny it.
As piety makes one think more and behave carefully, pious people regret about their past years less. However, strayed people who do not consider themselves bound by the religious limits do not make a slight judgment or do not think even slightly about themselves. They are totally deprived of consciousness and perception. At the night which is an evidence to getting closer to death, they suffer the losses of their morality, spirituality and money, and continue to commit acts that they will regret later. What follow this entertainment and profligacy of a few hours are despair and regret that last for a lifetime.
What causes them to regret forever results from their lives which are not led according to the requirements of Islam, that’s to say, it is because of non-piety.
If they gained a strong belief to stay faithful to the requirements of the religion, an indication of piety, it would enable them to think vice-versa on every new year’s eves, would pull themselves together and eventually advance in belief and morality, and they would neither regret their past nor be taken with misery and profligacy.
It can be concluded that what causes some people to degenerate and some to sublime on new year’s eves is nothing but being pious or not.
It is clear that what makes one think, and lead him to happiness is piety, and it is a fact that what deprives one of self-judgement and leads to profligacy is levity with religion.
That’s to say, this is a world of examinations. It is open to both ways. Anyone can go this way or that way. Some cancel their consciousness on New Year’s eves and some elevate it.
We praise Allah for our piety, give thanks to Him, who makes us think and behave so.
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