Why do we need to read Subhanaka supplication when we stand up for the third rak’ah after the first sitting when we perform the sunnah prayers of the afternoon (asr) and night (isha) prayers?
Submitted by on Tue, 28/02/2017 - 14:27
Dear Brother / Sister,
Sunnah prayers are divided into two as muakkadah and ghayr muakkadah.
Sunnahs that are muakkadah are as follows: Some of the sunnah prayers that are performed connected with five daily prayers and Friday prayer are sunnah muakkadah. These sunnahs are determined as follows: in a hadith:
"Whoever prays twelve rak'ahs during the day and night, apart from the fard prayers, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise. They are the following prayers: Two rak’ahs before the morning (fajr) prayer, four rak’ahs before and two rak’ahs after the noon (zuhr) prayer, two rak’ahs after the evening (maghrib) prayer and two rak’ahs after the night (isha) prayer." (Tirmidhi; Salat, 189; Nasai, Qiyamul-Layl, 66; Ibn Majah, Iqamah, 100)
While performing four-rak’ah sunnah muakkadah prayers, we stand up after reading only at-Tahiyyat in the first sitting and start the third rak’ah with basmala and al-Fatiha without reading Subhanaka.
Sunnahs that are muakkadah: They are the sunnah prayers that Hz. Prophet (pbuh) did not perform regularly and that sometimes skipped; they are also called mandub. They are as follows: 1. The four-rak’ah sunnah prayer performed with one salutation before the afternoon prayer. The Messenger of Allah stated the following about this prayer:
"May Allah show mercy to a person who performs four rak’ahs before the afternoon prayer!" (Tirmidhi, Salat, 301)
2. The four-rak’ah sunnah prayer performed before the night prayer. The following was reported from Hz. Aisha:
"Hz. Prophet performedfour rak’ahs before the night prayer." (Zaylai, II/145 ff.; ash-Shawkani, III/18)
When the nafilah prayers like awwabin, tasbih and tarawih prayers that can be performed as two rak’ahs or four rak’ahs like these two sunnah prayers are performed as four rak’ahs, Allahumma salli and barik supplications are read after at-Tahiyyat in the first sitting; when we stand up for the third rak’ah, we start with Subhanaka and audhu basmala; then, we read the chapter of al-Fatiha.
The reason why Subhanaka is read in the third rak’ah of these prayers is that they aresunnah ghayr muakkadah. It is not necessary to perform them again as qada if we salute after the second rak’ah. However, if we salute after the second rak’ah of the Sunnah of the noon prayer, we have to perform it again.
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