Will Jesus Christ descend again upon earth before Doomsday strikes?

Details of the Question

Will Jesus Christ descend again upon earth before Doomsday strikes?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Jesus Christ, who was created without a father as a miracle, is one of the four great prophets. At the age of thirty, he was given the prophethood; and after three years, Allah raised him to the heavens without being subjected to the assassinations of Jews. He is also called Messiah. It is explained that he was given this title because he healed illnesses by wiping, because Zechariah wiped him, because he will wipe the earth; i.e. he will cover it. According to narrations, Jesus Christ will descend to the earth again at the end of time and will be among the community of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

The claim that Jesus Christ was crucified.

When we look at the Gospels of present time, it is not possible to find a view upon which an agreement exists. According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ was faced with certain hardships in his legitimate and just cause, was accused of inciting the public; and upon the insistent demands of Jews to crucify him, and the sixth Governor of the Province of Yahudiya of Roman Empire, Platus, crucified him. In the Gospel of Luke, it is stated that Platus submitted to the wishes of Jews (1) and that he had Jesus Christ sentenced to death in the high religious court of Jews, Sanhadrin.

According to the Gospels, it is related that the place of Jesus Christ was not known, but that Judas Iscariot, who is one of the 12 Apostles, revealed his place for such a little amount as 30 silver coins and Allah made his figure resemble Jesus Christ as a penalty. (2)

The end of Jesus Christ, though, is disputed among Christians. While it is the common view that he was crucified, there are also the Christians who do not accept that he was, like the sects of Cerinthus and Tatian. George Sale, who translated Qur’an into English, says, “Although some Christians say that the view that Jesus Christ was not crucified was devised by Prophet Muhammad, this is not true. Such sects as Basilides, Cerinthus and Carpocrates were of the same opinion before. Photius said he read the following statement in Travels of the Messengers: ‘Jesus Christ was not crucified; another person was crucified in his stead. Because of this, he laughed at the ones crucifying him.’”

Most of the Christians, though, believe that he was crucified at the time of Platus and then was resurrected and lifted up to the heavens. Iscariot, who was among 12 Apostles showed his place, was then sorry for his treachery and committed suicide. Christians are separated into three groups upon this issue. The group called Melkaiye believes that Jesus Christ was crucified both as a body and as a soul, but that this death did not affect his soul directly, rather through feelings and with touch. Another group called Yakubiya says that the essence of Messiah who was composed of two essences was crucified; and the third group called Nasuri believes that he was killed as a body; but his soul was raised up to the heavens. (3)

The end of Jesus Christ in the Qur’an:

The views of Gospels and Christians about the end of Jesus Christ are briefly as is explained above. Th Qur’an makes very clear and definite explanations about this issue. Some verses about the issue are as follows:

“And (then unbelievers) plotted and planned, and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah.

“Behold! Allah said: "O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject Faith, to the Day of Resurrection; then shall ye all return unto Me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute.” (4)

In another verse, the issue is further clarified and the following is stated:

“That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah";― but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.―

“Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. (5)

In the verse, it is clearly stated that Jesus Christ was not crucified, but somebody was crucified mistakenly. Scholars explained this verse as follows: When Jews went to Jesus Christ with the intention of killing him, they could not find him, because Allah Almighty had raised him to the heavens. Jews got anxious and feared that the public would interfere and thus they caught someone and crucified him as Jesus Christ. Although the public knew the crucified man namely, they did not know him in person.

According to another view, Jews learned that Jesus Christ was in a house and went there in order to kill him. Their leader Judas sent a man named Taytayus inside to kill Jesus. Allah Almighty raised Jesus Christ to the heavens and made this man resemble him; and the Jews crucified this man instead of Jesus Christ.

Besides these narrations, it is related that one of the apostles acted hypocritically and as a spy; and then Allah made him resemble Jesus as a punishment and he was then crucified.

These narrations clearly show that the Jews who tried to kill Jesus Christ could not succeed and that Allah saved him from their attacks and raised him to the heavens.

The descent of Jesus Christ on earth

The community of Muhammad (PBUH) is a community praised in many aspects. They are praised both in the Quran and in the other Scriptures.

When Jesus Christ saw the praised qualities of this community, he prayed Allah to make him one of them and Allah accepted his supplication. It is for this reason that when the time comes, he will descend to earth as a mujaddid (renewer) of the religion. (6)

The scholars concluded that it is definite through the Book, the Sunnah and agreement among scholars (consensus)  that Jesus Christ will descend to earth (7) and that this has become an issue of belief based on sound hadiths and that whoever denies it will be judged as unbeliever. (8)

According to Shawkani, the hadiths announcing the descent of Jesus to earth amount to 29 and they reach the rank of tawatur (9). There is the same recording also in Sahih Muslim (10). He says:

“There are hadiths narrated about the expected Mahdi and Dajjal; the hadiths about the descent of Jesus son of Mary has reached the rank of tawatur.” (11)

While explaining the fact that Jesus Christ is a sign of Doomsday, which is mentioned in the 61st verse of Az-Zukhruf Surah, Ibn Kathir states in his tafsir that the narrations announcing that he will be descended before Doomsday strikes have reached the degree of tawatur. Sheikh Abdulfattah Abu Ghudda also states that the narrations reporting that Jesus Christ will descend to the earth and will kill Dajjal (Anti-Christ), have reached to the degree of tawatur (12). It is seen that the hadith scholar Kittani supports the same views in his work called Nazmu’l-Mutanasir. (13)

In Fathu’l Bari by Ibn Hajar, it is written that the hadiths stating that Mahdi will be among this community and that Jesus Christ will pray behind him are mutawatir hadiths (14).

In his work Sharhu’l-Maqasid, Saduddin Taftazani also states that there are many hadiths about the descent of Jesus and that they are mutawatir in meaning. (15)

We see that in some hadiths and verses, signs of Doomsday are explained. These are gathered under the heading of ‘The signs of Doomsday.’ One of these signs is the descent of Jesus Christ to the earth. In other words, Jesus Christ will descend onto the earth before Doomsday strikes. In one of his verses, Allah Almighty says, “Surely he (Jesus) (brought into the world without a father, and granted such miracles as reviving the dead) is a means to knowledge of the Last Hour.” (16) and thus points out this fact. In many of his hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also made it known that Jesus Christ would descend onto the earth. Some of them are as follows:

“Doomsday will not strike unless you see ten signs… One of them is the descent of Jesus Christ…” (17)

“I swear by Allah in whose hand of Power my life is that it is close that Jesus, son of Mary, will descend as a just ruler among you.” (18)

As is known, Jesus Christ is in the heavens and in the third layer of life. He does not need to eat and drink like us and is in no need of other human requirements; and he leads a life of light like stars and angels. In accordance with the good tidings given by the Prophet: “Jesus Christ will come at the end of time; he will practice with the Shari’a of Muhammad.” (19), he will come as a human onto the earth.

As the divine wisdom necessitates that he descends onto the earth, so he must perform some very important duties. Let us list some of them:

The Activities of Jesus Christ

a. His following The Mahdi

When Jesus Christ comes, he will practice with the Islamic Shari’a. The Messenger of Allah, who says, “If Jesus Christ was alive, he would do nothing except follow me.” (20), clearly states in one of his hadiths in Muslim that he will follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). (21)

Imam Nawawi says: “Jesus Christ will not come as a separate prophet to the community of Muhammad, but he will come in order to carry out the Shari’a of Muhammad.” (22).

Imam Rabbani also says that Jesus Christ will descend onto the earth and follow the Shari’a of Muhammad, the seal of the prophets. (23)

Qadi Iyad points out that it is definite by authenticated hadiths that he will come in order to revive the principles of Shari’a abandoned by the public. (24)

As is known, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the seal of the prophets, i.e. the last prophet. This being the case, it can only be thought that Jesus Christ comes not as a new prophet, but as a follower of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and that he will practice according to the Shari’a of Muhammad. The scholars say:

“Jesus Christ is responsible for reviving and practicing the Shari’a of Muhammad. The only prophet to practice with Islam is Jesus Christ. He will come at a time when the religion will be looked down on and despised; he will perform his duty as a just ruler. Before he was sent to the earth, he would be equipped with every piece of knowledge about Islam under the circumstances of that time;  and when he comes, he will practice them.” (25)

The hadiths that Jesus Christ will pray behind the Mahdi (26) which are in the degree of tawatur also show that he will follow Islam. There are many narrations about this issue. Some of them are as follows:

“The Mahdi becomes the imam; and Jesus Christ follows him -that is, he prays behind while the Mahdi leads the prayer” (27)

In another hadith narrated in Bukhari and Muslim, the following is stated that:

“What will you do when Jesus son of Mary comes among you and the imam in prayer, while your imam is one of you?”(28)

In a hadith present in Musnad, which Ahmad narrated from Jabir, the following is stated: When Jesus Christ is offered to lead the prayer: “Lead the prayer, o Spirit of Allah!” he says: “Let your imam go forth and lead the prayer.” (29)

The following is stated in one of the narrations about the topic:

“Among this community, there will surely be a group fighting for the truth until the time when Jesus son of Mary enters the Sacred House during the break of dawn. Jesus son of Mary comes beside the Mahdi. He is asked, ‘Go forth, o prophet of Allah! Lead the prayer!’ He replies; ‘No, as a favor from Allah, you are rendered rulers over one another’” (30)

In a hadith from Ibn Maja, reported by Abu Umama, the following is stated; when imamate-leading the prayer- is offered to Jesus Christ, he says, “You go forth; this duty is given to you”

Another narration about the issue is as follows:

“While the Mahdi is performing the morning prayer with believers, he will offer Jesus, who has just descended, to lead the prayer; and Jesus Christ will put his hands on his shoulders and say ‘The iqamah was issued for you; so you lead’ and finally Mahdi will lead the prayer as an imam to Jesus Christ and to believers.” (31)

In the Commentary of Fiqhu’l Akbar Aliyyu’l-Qari, the issue is a little more clarified:

“Jesus Christ will meet the Mahdi. Meanwhile, the prayer will be performed. The Mahdi will signal Jesus Christ to lead the prayer, but Jesus will express his excuse saying ‘This prayer is performed for you and You deserve more than me to lead this prayer.’ In order for it to be clear that he will follow the Mahdi (in prayer) so that it will be clear that Jesus Christ follows the Shari’a of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); they will thus pray together.” (32)

All these narrations stating that ‘Jesus Christ will follow the Mahdi in prayer’ show that he will submit to Islam. In other words, Jesus Christ will not come with a new religion. Besides, they also point out the alliance between Christianity and Islam and the dominance of the truths of the Qur’an. (33)

Another mystery of Jesus Christ practicing with the Shari’a of Muhammad (PBUH) is this: “At the end of time, Jesus (Upon whom be peace) will come and will act in accordance with the Shari’a of Muhammad (PBUH),” indicates that at the end of time the religion of Christianity will be purified and divest itself of superstition in the face of the current of unbelief and atheism born of Naturalist philosophy, and will be transformed into Islam. At this point, just as the collective personality of Christianity will kill the fearsome collective personality of irreligion with the sword of heavenly Revelation, so too, representing the collective personality of Christianity, Jesus (Upon whom be peace) will kill the Dajjal, who represents the collective personality of irreligion, that is, he will kill atheistic thought.” (34)

b. His purifying Christianity from superstitions

Another important duty of Jesus Christ is to purify Christianity from certain superstitions, especially from trinity, and to transform this into oneness. For, it is not possible for the people who, in the face of the developments in knowledge and in humane and civilized feelings, take justice and truthfulness as essential to continue Christianity in its former form. It will either perish or will return to its original form and be purified from superstitions.

While Christianity, which underwent certain revolutions, fells firstly into Protestantism and then into complete deviation, some have already approached oneness and begun to breathe with it. Since the First and the Second World Wars, Christianity, which has undergone certain changes especially in recent years, has been experiencing the pains of transition from trinity to oneness. The magazine ‘Plain Truth’ issued by a Christian group and addressing eight million people can clearly say that trinity was added into Christianity afterwards. Many a pious Christian can state that they did not hesitate to acknowledge the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH). Does it not show that a great distance has been covered on this way that even in such a place as Vatican, the head of the Department of Relationships with Muslims, namely Michael Lelong, clearly explains this?

c. His eradicating unbelief

Jesus Christ wages a challenging war against unbelief. Unbelief cannot find in itself the strength to stand up against him. According to the hadith, “every disbeliever who feels his breath will die; and his breath will reach up to the furthest point within sight.” (35) In other words, as he has taken the vitalizing truths of Islam as his cause, no view of unbelief will find support against these sound truths, and finally will have to be demolished.

That Jesus Christ eradicates unbelief means that he will devastate the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) who is the representative of unbelief and his ramshackle system based on unbelief and his collective personality.

d. His establishing peace

Jesus Christ, who stays on earth for forty years as a just ruler (36), will also establish peace-and as peace is established-people will use swords as scythes. (37)

In his time, swords will be put into their sheaths and there will be no need to use weapons.

While Jesus Christ eradicates unbelief, which is the source of every kind of evil, during his stay on earth, he will put faith, which is the source of all beauties, in its place. Thus, justice, equality, abundance, peace, and bliss, which are the necessities of faith, will blossom. Attention is attracted to each of these facts in narrations. When he comes, “enmities, fights, and jealousies will vanish” (38), the atmosphere of real peace and bliss will be formed, and “Just a single prostration will be seen worthier than the world and the things in it.” (39)

At that time, people will improve, their faiths will be strengthened, and they will run for good deeds to such a degree that they will value a single prostration more than the world and anything in it. (40)

This hadith is also very interesting in that it shows the spiritual atmosphere of that time:

“Jesus, son of Mary, will be among my community; he will be a just ruler and imam. He will break and crush the cross and will kill the swine. He will abolish jizya (the tax taken from non-Muslims under Islamic rule), and will not touch zakah- distribution of one fortieth of one's income as alms performed by Muslims (one of the five pillars of the Islamic faith). No official of zakah will be recruited over herds of sheep, goat and ox or that of camel, any longer. Enmity and hatred will be removed. Poison of every poisonous animal will be removed. Moreover, a small male child will put his hand into a snake’s mouth, but it will not hurt him. The wolf will be like the sheep dog in the herd of sheep and goat. Just as a bowl is filled with water, so will the earth be full of peace. There will also be a unity of religion and no one except Allah will be worshipped any more. And the equipments of war (weapons and the like) will be cast away.” (41)

In another narration present in Muslim, it is said: “he will kill the swine, break the cross and abolish the jizya” (42)

Breaking the cross as is stated in this and other narrations indicates that Jesus Christ will purify Christianity from superstitions which contradict with reason, sciences, and truths and with which Christianity was distorted. Thus, he will turn it into Islam and save it from trinity.

That he will abolish the jizya shows that at his time, there will be abundance in property. When he comes, property will become abundant to such a degree that there will be no need even to take the jizya. Some also interpret that they will accept Islam; because the jizya is not taken from Muslims.

Such expressions as ‘poisons will be removed from poisonous animals’, ‘the wolf and lamb wandering together’ are the signs of the atmosphere of peace; as in the expression ‘the weapons and equipments of war will be cast away.’

e. His killing the Dajjal

One of the biggest accomplishments of Jesus Christ is his killing the Dajjal. He will accomplish this with the Mahdi.

Just as the emergence of the Dajjal and his activities are tremendous, his being killed is important and pleasing as well.

As is narrated, when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) ascended to Miraj, he talked with Jesus Christ; when the Dajjal was mentioned, Jesus said:

“My Lord informed me that the Dajjal would emerge. I will carry with me two arrows made out of the kadib tree. When the Dajjal sees them, he will melt like lead.” (43)

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) announced this truth as follows:

“When the Dajjal, who is the enemy of Allah, sees Jesus Christ, he will melt just as salt melts in water. Even if Jesus Christ leaves him, he will melt until he is devastated. However, Allah will kill him with the hand of Jesus Christ himself.” (44)

Other narrations are as follows:

“Jesus Christ will descend from the heavens, will kill the Dajjal or will help the Mahdi to kill him.” (45)

“The Mahdi will emerge with Jesus Christ, will kill the Dajjal in the territories of Palestine in Bab al-Ludd; or will help the Mahdi to kill the Dajjal.” (46)

How will this truth manifest itself?

First, the Dajjal emerges, and starts performing his activities he planned step by step. Then a painful period starts. Utterly troublesome days are experienced. (47)

In his period, believers suffer severe troubles and famine. They are forced to take refuge in the Pass of Afiq or in the Hill of Dukhan in Damascus. Therefore, in such a period, Jesus Christ comes at the Morning Prayer time; when the Dajjal sees him, he melts the way lead melts. (48)

It is also interesting that the place where the Dajjal will be killed is the Pass of Afiq. Jesus Christ fought with Satan there; and finally with the help of Allah, he became victorious. He will defeat the Dajjal in the same place and in the same fashion. (49)

Jesus, son of Mary, will descend onto the minaret in the East of Damascus, his two hands on the shoulders of two angels. Each unbeliever within reach of his breath will die. He will also search for and find the Dajjal and will kill him on the door of Ludd. (50)

As Ibn Kathir explains, Jesus Christ represents the truth. The time will come; the truth will be strengthened through him and it will defeat the Dajjalism. That the door of Ludd is especially mentioned in the hadith shows that Islam will defeat Jews (the Dajjal is also Jewish); because Jews, in the widest circle, represent the Dajjalism and Ludd is under their dominion. (51)

The big Dajjal, who travels around the world in order to raise mischief and to establish dominance, and who shows certain wonders bestowed on him by Allah in order to lead him astray, will not be able to escape from Jesus Christ.

Narrations show that the Dajjal, who distorts spiritually wherever he treads on and whomever he visits and makes them a means of destruction to the social life, and his followers will not be able to further continue their activities and will try to preserve the circumstances in the fourth phase. Jesus Christ will cope with him. He will kill the big Dajjal.

How will this happen?

As is stated by Badiuzzaman Said Nursi, there are two aspects to this:

The First Aspect: It could only be a wondrous person with the power of miracles who could kill and change the way of the awesome Dajjal, who will preserve himself through wonders, bestowed on him by Allah in order to lead him astray, such as magic, hypnotic powers, and spiritualism, and will spellbind everyone. And that person will be Jesus (Peace be upon him), who is the prophet of the majority of mankind, and whom most people follow.

The Second Aspect is this: It will be the truly pious followers of Jesus who will kill the gigantic collective personality of materialism and irreligion which the Dajjal will form —for the Dajjal will be killed by Jesus’ (PUH) sword— and destroy his ideas and disbelief, which are atheistic. Those truly pious Christians will blend the essence of true Christianity with the essence of Islam and rout the Dajjal with their combined strength, in effect killing him. The narration: “Jesus (Peace be upon him) will come and will perform the obligatory prayers behind the Mahdi and follow him,” alludes to this union, and to the sovereignty of the Qur’an and its being followed. (52)

The religion of Christianity will progress toward the creed of only one Allah, having been saved from the creed of the trinity of Allah; will be purified from certain superstitions and nonsense, will transform into Islam, will submit to the Quran and they will eradicate the view of irreligion by gaining a great strength together.

However, everything will take place within the circle of causes because we live in the world of causes. It should not be expected that these would happen in an extraordinary fashion. Not all the deeds of even Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) were wonderful. He would show miracles occasionally and when needed, and would behave normally at other times. Sometimes he was hungry, and sometimes he stood up against hardships.

We should not expect that all the activities of Jesus Christ would be extraordinary. He will surely show some wonders when needed. However, at other times, he will take the circumstances of the time into consideration and will behave in an appropriate way, in the correct fashion; and at the correct place and time.

As it is known that the Dajjal is the representative of irreligion, that he has a committee, a system and a regime and that these have manifested themselves as communism, it should not be forgotten that the biggest struggle of Jesus Christ will be against irreligion, unbelief, and communism.

Therefore, will Jesus Christ eradicate irreligion and its mentality? Judging from the verse in an-Nisa Surah: “Yet there is none of the People of the Book but will, before the moment of his death, (grasp the truth about Jesus and) believe in him” (53) some mufassirs (the scholars who explain the verses of the Qur’an) state that the People of the Book will believe in Jesus Christ. In the explanation of this verse, Aliyyu’l-Qari says that when Jesus Christ descends onto the earth, the entire world will become a single community of Islam (54). Mehmed Vehbi Efendi, too, states that when the Dajjal emerges, Jesus Christ will descend from the heavens and kill him; and then all the communities will believe in Jesus Christ and the entire world will become the people of Islam. (55)

At the end of time, when materialism and naturalism strengthen and proliferate, and come to such a point as to deny Allah and when the Dajjal in person leads this committee, Jesus Christ starts his duty. At a time when this group who denies Allah and the religion, the true religion of Christianity which comprises the collective personality of Jesus (Upon whom be peace) starts struggle against this current of irreligion. By uniting with the Mahdi, they will kill the Dajjal. In other words, Christianity, which is purified from superstitions, and Islam reach an agreement and kill the Dajjal’s mentality of unbelief.

Badiuzzaman Said Nursi explains this situation as follows:

“At that point when the current appears to be very strong, the religion of true Christianity, which comprises the collective personality of Jesus (Upon whom be peace), will emerge. That is, it will descend from the skies of Divine Mercy. Present Christianity will be purified in the face of that reality; it will cast off superstition and distortion, and unite with the truths of Islam. Christianity will in effect be transformed into a sort of Islam. Following the Qur’an, the collective personality of Christianity will be in the rank of follower, and Islam, In that of leader. True religion will become a mighty force as a result of its joining it. Although defeated before the atheistic current while separate, Christianity and Islam will have the capability to defeat and rout it as a result of their union. Then the person of Jesus (Upon whom be peace), who is present with his human body in the world of the heavens, will come to lead the current of true religion, as, relying on the promise of One Powerful Over All Things, the Bringer of Sure News has said. Since he has told of it, it is true, and since the One Powerful over All Things has promised it, He will certainly bring it about.” (56)

“An association deserving the title ‘Muslim Christians’ who are a self-sacrificing association of Christians trying to merge the true religion of Jesus Christ with the truth of Islam will-under the command of Jesus Christ-kill and scatter the committee of Dajjal which ruins the civilization and holy values of the humanity with the intention of denying Allah; and will save the humanity from disbelieving in Allah.”(57)

The real matter is not to kill the Dajjal in person, who may die because of a virus; but to kill his profession and the system of unbelief he devised. This point is clarified in Rays from the Risale-i Nur Collection as follows:

“Also, since the strange circumstances and fearsome activities of the Antichrist’s regime, and the covert organization and government that he founds, have been narrated as referring to his person, their true meaning has remained obscure. For example, “He will be so powerful and long-lived that only Jesus (PUH) will be able to kill him; nothing else will be able to.” That is, it will only be a revealed, elevated, pure religion that will be able to overturn his way and rapacious regime, and eliminate them. Such a religion will emerge among the true followers of Jesus (PUH), and it will follow the Qur’an and become united with it. On the coming of Jesus (PUH) and emergence of the true Christian religion, the Antichrist’s irreligious way will be wiped out and will cease. The Antichrist’s person could otherwise be killed by a mere germ or by influenza.”(58)

After Jesus Christ kills the Dajjal, the majority of people will enter the true religion; the true religion will soundly show its existence; and the fact mentioned in the verse just stated above will manifest itself.

Under the light of all this knowledge, we can say that Jesus Christ performs his activities one by one, basing them on the collective personality. The Dajjal and his committee, who try to spread irreligion, melted like ice before him and the Mahdi and will continue to melt.

Is it not a kind of confirmation and manifestation of these narrations that communism, which is an atheist regime and which oppressed the world for seventy years, which undermined the one thousand year-long products of Russia all of a sudden, and which left nothing of holy nature intact, finally ended in a pleasing doom?

Irreligion, which is contradictory to the creation and to the laws of Allah, was to die and so it did. Russia herself will not resist before this fact because, we clearly see that this good news has started to realize, “Because of the strong awakening caused by two horrible world wars, absolutely no nation without religion can live, and Russians cannot stay without religion any longer. They cannot go back and become Christian, either. They can only make peace with or submit to the Quran, which breaks up absolute unbelief, which is based on truths and proofs and which persuades both the mind and the heart.” (59)

e. His killing Jews

“The Dajjal will come with seventy thousand Jews. All of them will be equipped with embellished swords and will be wearing green shawls. When the Dajjal looks at Jesus Christ, he will melt the way salt melts in water and begin to run away. And Jesus will say to him: “I will deal such a blow to you, you will not be able to escape from it.” And he will catch up with him on the eastern door of Ludd and will kill him. Allah will also defeat Jews. There will be no creature, any more, which will not be made speak by Allah when a Jew hides behind it. There will be no stone, no tree, no wall, and no animal, which will not say, “O Muslim slave of Allah! Come and kill him.” Except only for the tree called ‘Gharqad’. It is the tree of the Jews. It will not speak.” (60)

In another hadith recounted in Muslim, the following is stated:

“The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.” (61)

Does the fact that communism, which is a regime of irreligion, receives a blow not mean that the Jews who have made mischief over earth throughout history, who are notorious for their tricks and mischief and who have wrought communism upon our world in our age receive a blow?

Since the mischief of this nation which, as is stated in Qur’an, deserved the punishment of Allah and which is labeled ignoble and poor is in such a dimension as to far exceed all the mischief they made before; as we suppose, they have deserved the divine punishment accordingly. Time will show when and how the Jews, who received an unforgettable blow with the downfall of communism, will suffer the other punishments they deserve.

f. His being a means to abundance and fertility

In one of his hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says: “How fortunate the life after the Messiah is!” and he explains the reason for this: When that day comes, the heavens pour down its rain, the earth grows its plants. This is to such an extent that even if you put the seed on a rigid stone, it will grow.” (62)

This hadith shows that the abundance experienced at the time of the Mahdi will continue afterwards.

These are just a few of the beauties achieved at the time of Jesus’ rule. One of these beauties is the abundance of property as is stated in a narration (63). It will become so abundant that there will be no one to accept it. (64)

As people head towards offering thanks, Allah will bestow on them his favors abundantly. Another important reason is that the money formerly spent on ammunition will be canalized into public service. Moreover, as technology develops and progress in agriculture and industry is made in that period, production will increase more and more.

Has Jesus Christ come?

Badiuzzaman Said Nursi says that Christianity will either disappear or will return to oneness by being purified from superstitions, and will stop the war against Islam.

His opinion is that the latter will happen. He relates the phases Christianity underwent up to this day on the way for its realization:

“Again and again it was torn, neared to Puritanism; but saw no benefit there.

The veil was torn again, it fell into absolute deviation. Some, though, neared to Oneness; and it will see benefit there, It is already getting ready…

Starting to be torn. If it perishes not, will find purity and will merge with Islam.

This is a great mystery, the sign of which is: The Honor of Prophets said: ‘Jesus will practice with my Shari’a and will be among my community.’”(65)

We have given above some examples about how this truth will take place. Said Nursi gives many examples about this issue in his works. In one of them, he says: “At the end of time, the true religion of Jesus Christ (upon whom be peace) will rule; it will come shoulder to shoulder with Islam.” (66). As in the Period of Bliss - the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - the Qur’an invites the People of Book to come to a common word; to worship only Allah and not to attribute partners to Him (67). This verse has begun to take much effect in our time when compared to the past. In our time when ignorance and blind imitation have been left aside, and replaced by reason, knowledge, justice, and trustfulness, the Christian world has also begun to heed this commandment of the Qur’an.

Having seen these days from the Period of Bliss, the Messenger of Allah declared: “At the end of time, the true pious Christians will establish alliance with the people of the Quran -Muslims - and thus will stand up against the mutual enemy: the atheists.” (68) Another hadith about the issue is as follows:

“In future, you will make peace with the Romans establishing security and will fight together against a mutual enemy.” (69)

In a hadith in Ibn Majah, it is stated that when wars arise, an army of non-Arabic origin whose horses are the worthiest breed and whose weapons are the best will support Islam. (70) Might not this army be an army of a Christian state which has an advanced technology of war and which will support Islam at the time of big wars?

Said Nursi spoke highly of the internal opposing group, which dealt a fatal blow to Germany and Bolsheviks, and which, at the time of World War II, fought against Russia, the representative of communism, and which said: “Depending on Allah, I will do away with irreligion, and will protect Islam and Muslims." He also said that they were a kind of a representative of the collective personality of Jesus Christ. (71)

Neither Muslim nor Christian countries could fight communism on their own, which had been acting on behalf of atheism for seventy to eighty years. Therefore, alliance was inevitable. Foundations like NATO and CENTO emerged for this reason.

It was the due time. Having sensed this correctly, Badiuzzaman Said Nursi felt the need to remind both Muslims and pious Christians of certain truths:

“Now, Believers should form an alliance not only with their Muslim brothers, but also with pious Christians and should not pay attention to the points of disagreement and should not engage in a row, because the absolute unbelief is attacking.” (72)

“Now, people of religion and truth need to form a sincere alliance not only with their coreligionist, coworkers, and brothers; but also with true pious Christians and should not pay attention to the points of disagreement for the time being and should not engage in a row.”(73)

Missionaries, pious Christians, and servants of the Qur’an should have paid great attention because the current of unbelief spreading from the North was trying to spoil the alliance between Muslims and missionaries in order to defend itself against the assault of Islam and Christianity. This current could deceive and give them a privilege and thus attract Muslims by benefiting from the principles of Islam that Islam protected the public, that it made zakah obligatory and interest forbidden, and that it avoided cruelty. (74)

In the Second World War, there was communism on one side, the regime of irreligion and Christian countries on the other. Evaluating the war from this perspective, Said Nursi said “… For, with this World War, with the event of two states claiming the sovereignty over earth, the great fight between the horrible current of irreligion and heavenly religions began with the two great religions having appealed to the court of reconciliation in search of peace.” (75)

The situation was delicate. And the enemy was great and tremendous. However powerful the disagreeing side was, they could easily be overwhelmed with little power. Meanwhile, the current of the “Dajjal” was in action. Christians and Muslims had to be in alliance against this current. Nursi said,:

“An important worry and consolation comes to my heart: The worry is that at the end of these big fights, damage greater than World War I might bring about a brutality of Dajjal in Europe, the source and support of civilization. My consolation is that the complete awakening of the world of Islam, the New World accepting the true religion of Christianity as principles of action and forming an alliance with Islam, and the Gospel forming an alliance with the Quran and submitting to it will stand up against the two oncoming horrible currents with a divine help and will defeat them God willing.”(76)

This current of the Dajjal was nothing other than communism. Since the creation of the world, a second system which waged war in such a way against all religions and holy things taking the nonsense “Religion is opium” as principle had never been seen. This system far surpassing Nimrods, Pharaohs and Shaddats in destruction has developed by swallowing whoever it encounters, grew in power and invaded an important part of the world. At such a time, neither Muslims, who are the followers of the true religion, nor Christians had the power to resist on their own. There was no way other than alliance between Muslims and Christians.

Formerly, Christian states did not support the unity of Islam; however, since communism and anarchy emerged, both America and European states had to support the unity of Islam. (77)

The formation of Islam means the realization of the third one of the duties of the Mahdi, which is ‘faith, life and the Shari’a’, because the third duty of the Mahdi is to base the Caliphate of Islam on the unity of Islam and to make alliance with pious Christians and thus to serve Islam. This duty could be fulfilled with a very big sultanate, power, and millions of self-sacrificing people. (78)

On 13 December 1992, the Papacy issued a book of 627 pages. This book, which was distributed to all of the churches, sold 200 thousand just in France. In the book, Christianity is evaluated in the direction of Islam. In the book, which includes Al-Fatiha Surah, the following is stated:

“People must comply not with the rules made by humans, but with divine rules.”

In the book filled with the creed of oneness, trinity is handled in this way:

“There has remained no possibility of explaining the creed of trinity in accordance with the faith of one God. Jesus Christ is only a prophet who conveys whatever is revealed to him by Allah.”

Since 1967, the Papacy with the title of ‘The Head of the Council of Dialogue between Religions’ has been congratulating Muslims on their Ramadan Festival. The announcement they issued in 1992 was as follows:

“Dear Muslim sisters and brothers!

We Christians who respect your adherence to fasting and prayer wish to work together in order to establish peace.

With the high feeling evoked by fasting through the Ramadan which is obligatory on you as Believers and Muslims, you well know and understand that it is not possible to establish true peace without the help and the light sent by God. This is God who is the sole Lord of peace and bliss.

We pray to God that He bestows upon us Muslims and Christians the power to endure hardships in establishing peace through mutual help and dialogue.”

In his message to the world of Islam on the occasion of the Ramadan Festival, in 1996, Cardinal Francis Arinze both congratulated Muslims on their festival and said that the relationships between Muslims and Christians should be improved and that the relations should come to a further and intimate degree more than tolerance. Arinze quotes these words of Pope Jean Paul: “We Christians and Muslims have generally misunderstood each other and sometimes opposed to one another and even consumed ourselves with polemics and wars.” Arinze continues, “It is time we saved our memories from the negative remnants of the past and we looked toward the future. Whoever upset the other must apologize regretfully. We must forgive each other mutually.” (79)

It is as if Jesus Christ performs his activities behind veils. So, he did come. Surely as a necessity of the purpose of test, not everyone can recognize him. Only his close followers will be able to recognize him.

Footnotes

---------------------------------------------------------

1. The Gospel of Luke, 23.
2. Matthew, 26:14-16.
3. Elmalılı, Hak Dini Kur'an Dili, 3:1517-1518.
4. Aal-i ‘Imran Surah, 54-55.
5. an-Nisa Surah, 157-158.
6. Jesus will come down to be a member of th ummah of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh). Jesus, who saw the superiority of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) in the real Gospel, prayed to Allah to become a member of his ummah and Allah accepted his prayer.  (see Canan, İbrahim, Kütüb-i Sitte Tercüme ve Şerhi, Feza Gazetecilik, 1996, 14/74; Herkese Lazım Olan İman, Ebü’l-Baha Ziyaeddin Mevlana Halid b. Ahmed Halid-i Bağdadi, 1242/1827 ; Trnsl by Kemahlı Feyzullah Efendi, 6th impression, İstanbul, 1989)
7. Said Havva, ibid, 9:336.
8. ibid, p. 420.
9. Ibn Majah, 10:338.
10. Muslim, 2:58.
11. Siddiq Hasan Khan, as-Sayyid Muhammed Siddik al-Qannuji, al-Izaa (Cairo: 1407/1986), p. 114; Said Hawwa, ibid, 9:335-336, 446.
12. Said Hawwa, ibid, 9:445.
13. Kittani, ibid, s. 147.
14. Ibn Majah, 10:338.
15. at-Taftazani, Mas’ud bin Umar bin Abdillah, Sharhu'l-Maqasid (Istanbul: 1277), Khatima: 8; 2:307.
16. Zukhruf Surah, 61.
17. Muslim, Kitabu'l-Fitan: 39.
18. Bukhari, Buyu: 102; Mazalim: 31; Anbiya: 49; Muslim, Iman: 242; Abu Dawud, Malahim: 14.
19. Bukhari, Mazalim: 31; Buyu: 102; Muslim, Iman: 242-243; Ibn Majah, Fitan: 33.
20. Musnad, 3:387; al-Fiqhu'l-Akbar Aliyyu'l-Qari Sharh Trnsl., p. 284.
21. Muslim, Fitan: 34.
22. al-Haythami, ibid, p. 68.
23. Imam Rabbani, Maktubat, 2:1309.
24. Ibn Majah, 10:338.
25. Sharani, Mukhtasaru Tadhkiratu'l-Qurtubi Trans., p. 500.
26. Said Havva, ibid, 9:338.
27. Sahih-i Bukhari Trans. 1:83 (H. 1406, 5:208); al-Fathu’l-Kabir, 2:143.
28. Bukhari, Anbiya (the Descent of Jesus): 60, 4:324; Muslim, 2:56.
29. Ibn Hajar, al-Fath, 6:491.
30. Muslim, Iman: 247; Suyuti Jalaluddin Abdurrahman, al-Hawi li’l-Fatawa, I-II (Beirut: 1983), 2:83.
31. al-Haythami, ibid, p. 64.
32. al-Fiqhu'l-Akbar Aliyyu'l- Qari Sharh Trnsl., p. 284.
33. Said Nursi, Şualar (The Rays), p. 507.
34. Said Nursi, Mektubat (The Letters), p. 13.
35. Ibn Majah, 10:323.
36. Musnad, 2: 437; 6:75.
37. Musnad, 2:482-483.
38. Muslim, Iman: 243.
39. Bukhari, Buyu: 102; Mazalim: 31; Anbiya: 49; Muslim, Iman: 242; Abu Dawud, Malahim: 14.
40. Canan, ibid, (Istanbul: Feza Gazetecilik A.Ş., 1996), 14:73.
41. Musnad, 2:437; Mukh. Tadhkiratu'l-Qurtubi, p. 498.
42. Muslim, Iman: 243.
43. Abdullah bin Mas'ud, Tafsiru Ibn Mas'ud, p. 243.
44. Muslim, Book of Tricks: 34.
45. Kittani, ibid, p. 145.
46. Book of Proofs, p. 105.
47. Musnad, 6:125, 435; Muslim, Fitan: 110.
48. Musnad, 3:368; 4:216-217.
49. Sarıtoprak, ibid, p. 128.
* Ludd, a town with a population of fifteen thousand, 68 km away from Jerusalem.
50. Muslim, Fitan: 110; Tirmidhi, Fitan: 59, 62; Ibn Majah, Fitan: 33; Musnad, 2:66; 6:455-456.
51. Ibn Kathir, Nihayatu'l-Bidaya, 1:158.
52. Said Nursi, Şualar (The Rays), p. 506-507.
53. An-Nisa Surah, 159.
54. al-Fiqhu'l-Akbar Aliyyu'l- Qari Sharh Trnsl., p. 284.
55. Mehmet Vehbi, Hülasatü'l-Beyan, 3-4: 1109.
56. Said Nursi, Mektubat (The Letters), p. 54.
57. Said Nursi, Mektubat (The Letters), p. 413.
58. Said Nursi, Şualar (The Rays), p. 581.
59. Said Nursi, Emirdağ Lahikası, 2:71.
60. Ibn Majah, Fitan: 33.
61. Muslim, Fitan: 82.
62. al-Munawi, Faydu’l-Qadir, 4:275.
63. Muslim, Iman: 243.
64. Tirmidhi, 4:93; Ibn Majah, 10:340.
65. Said Nursi, Sözler (The Words), p. 723.
66. Said Nursi, Kastamonu Lahikası, p. 111.
67. Aal-i ‘Imran Surah, 64.
68. Said Nursi, İhlas Risaleleri (The Booklets of Sincerity), p. 24.
69. Taj Translation, H. 960; Ibn Majah, H. 4089.
70. Ibn Majah, H. 4090.
71. Said Nursi, Kastamonu Lahikası, 53-54.
72. Said Nursi, Emirdağ Lahikası, 1:206.
73. Said Nursi, İhlas Risaleleri (The Booklets of Sincerity), p. 24; Lemalar (The Flashes), p. 151.
74. Said Nursi, Emirdağ Lahikası, p. 159.
75. Said Nursi, Sikke-i Tasdik-i Gaybî, p. 191.
76. Said Nursi, The Addition of Emirdağ Lahikası, 1:53.
77. ibid, 2:54.
78. Said Nursi, Sikke-i Tasdik-i Gaybî, p. 11.
79. 17 February 1996, Yeni Asya.

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